De Gruyter

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De Gruyter GmbH
Verlag Walter de Gruyter Logo.svg
Founded1749; 274 years ago (1749)
FounderGeorg Reimer
SuccessorWalter de Gruyter
Country of originGermany
Headquarters locationBerlin
DistributionHGV (most of world)
TriLiteral (Americas Books)
EBSCO (US journals)[1]
Key peopleCarsten Buhr (CEO)
ImprintsDe Gruyter Mouton
De Gruyter Saur
De Gruyter Akademie
De Gruyter Oldenbourg
Revenue€63 million (2017)[2]
No. of employees350[2]
The palais at Wilhelmstraße No. 73, original headquarters of the company, around 1920
The company's headquarters in Berlin (2011)

Walter de Gruyter GmbH, known as De Gruyter (German: [də ˈɡʁɔʏ̯tɐ]), is a German scholarly publishing house specializing in academic literature.


The roots of the company go back to 1749 when Frederick the Great granted the Königliche Realschule in Berlin the royal privilege to open a bookstore and "to publish good and useful books".[3] In 1800, the store was taken over by Georg Reimer (1776–1842), operating as the Reimer'sche Buchhandlung from 1817, while the school’s press eventually became the Georg Reimer Verlag. From 1816, Reimer used the representative Sacken'sche Palace on Berlin's Wilhelmstraße for his family and the publishing house, whereby the wings contained his print shop and press. The building became a meeting point for Berlin salon life and later served as the official residence of the president of Germany.

Born in Ruhrort in 1862, Walter de Gruyter took a position with Reimer Verlag in 1894. By 1897, at the age of 35, he had become sole proprietor of the hundred-year-old company then known for publishing the works of German romantics such as Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Friedrich Schleiermacher, and Heinrich von Kleist. De Gruyter later acquired four other publishing houses – Göschen, Guttentag, Trübner, and Veit – and, in 1919, merged them into one: Vereinigung wissenschaftlicher Verleger Walter de Gruyter & Co., located in Genthiner Straße, where it is still headquartered today. The four publishers specialized in philosophy, theology, German literature, medicine, mathematics, engineering, law, political science, and natural science, and it is for many classics in these fields that de Gruyter is still known today. By the time he died in 1924, Walter de Gruyter had created one of the largest modern publishing houses in Europe.[citation needed] De Gruyter's son-in-law, Herbert Cram (1893–1967) succeeded him in the management of the company and it continues to be family-owned.

During World War II, the roof and top floor of the de Gruyter building were destroyed and the basement warehouse flooded, but the building itself survived. On 14 May 1945, the publisher again registered for trading and was the first publisher in the British zone to receive a license.[4] The company became Walter de Gruyter GmbH in 2012.[3] In addition to its headquarters in Berlin, De Gruyter maintains offices around the globe, namely in Munich, Vienna, Basel, Warsaw, Boston, and Beijing.[5]

Imprints and partnerships

Several former publishing houses have become imprints of De Gruyter:

De Gruyter is one of thirteen publishers to participate in the Knowledge Unlatched pilot, a global library consortium approach to funding open access books.[14]

See also


  1. ^ "Trade". Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Company Presentation" (PDF). De Gruyter. 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  3. ^ a b "De Gruyter in a nutshell". Walter de Gruyter. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  4. ^ Ziesak, Anne-Katrin (2013). Walter de Gruyter Publishers: 1749-1999. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 248–250. ISBN 9783110816662.
  5. ^ "Working at De Gruyter". Retrieved 16 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Birkhäuser". Walter de Gruyter. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2013.
  7. ^ "DeGruyter acquires Versita, increasing their open-access publishing business". Archived from the original on 21 September 2013.
  8. ^ "De Gruyter Open converts eight subscription journals to Open Access megajournals". De Gruyter Open.
  9. ^ "OpenScience". De Gruyter Open.
  10. ^ "Global Shift Towards Open Access Publishing: Key Challenges for Research Community". Visakhi, P.
  11. ^ "De Gruyter launches new division Sciendo". Information Today Europe. 17 May 2018. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  12. ^ "De Gruyter launches Sciendo | STM Publishing News". Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  13. ^ "De Gruyter kauft die Wissenschaftsverlage Oldenbourg und Akademie". Press release. Walter de Gruyter.
  14. ^ "Good for publishers".

Further reading

  • Fouquet-Plümscher, Doris: Aus dem Archiv des Verlages Walter de Gruyter: Briefe, Urkunden, Dokumente. Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter, 1980.

External links

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